Breaking up the Teachers Union Motivation Behind Jeb Bush’s Education Agenda

         Illustration from Mother Jones

Jeb Bush left the Governor’s office over five years ago, yet his influence continues to dominate the legislative agenda of the state GOP. Friday’s razor thin defeat of the “Parent Trigger” bill gave progressives a victory but it was just the latest salvo in a nearly two decade battle to save Florida’s schools from Jeb Bush’s political agenda

The national and state media often gave Jeb Bush credit for being wonkier on policy, especially when compared to his older brother George W. Bush. But the reality is that Florida’s Bush took a page out of Karl Rove’s Texas playbook. In Texas, Rove worked with Republican legislators and statewide officials to curb the power and influence of the trial lawyers, whose campaign contributions kept the Democrats competitive against the corporate funded GOP. De-funding the left was the mantra and in Florida, the younger Bush repeated the trick by curbing the power, influence and ultimately the spirit of the trial lawyers and the teachers unions. In this piece we’ll focus on the efforts to undo the power of the teachers union.

In fact, Bush has been the 1,000,000 pound gorilla in Florida Republican politics for almost 20 years. His continued obsession with school “choice” and other schemes that weaken public schools have became the default Republican education agenda, while right wing think tanks continue to cite Florida as the model for other states.

Jeb Bush’s push for school choice began in the mid 1990s after his loss to Democrat Lawton Chiles in the 1994 General Election. Bush advocated school vouchers in the 1994 campaign, but it was just one of many platform items that were buried in a campaign where the GOP cynically attacked Governor Chiles on a number of issues. Bush lost in the most Republican election cycle since 1952 largely because he was perceived, despite his family’s centrist reputation, as a hard core right winger.

Bush, ever the politician, looked to remake his image in a “kinder gentler way” as a true Bush scion, and used Educational interest as a way to moderate his image. Bush began the Foundation for Florida’s future, a conservative think tank focused heavily on Education policy. Along with Miami Urban League President T. Willard Fair, Bush began Florida’s first charter school after the Legislature approved charter schools. This for profit school was strongly supported by John Hage,  the nation’s most vocal for-profit school advocate, and a Bush family partisan.

The ultimate goals of school vouchers are to break the power of the Teachers Union, funnel taxpayer money to for-profit institutions and to interject religion into publicly financed educational programs. Vouchers represent the perfect conservative three PAC: Busting unions, helping corporations and pushing religion in the public arena.

When Bush was elected in 1998, he made school vouchers and tort reform his two biggest priorities. Both were done for overtly political reasons. In an era when the national mainstream media was more easily fooled by conservative revolutionaries like Newt Gingrich, Bush’s agenda was often discussed in non-ideological terms. The conservative press led by the Weekly Standard and National Review made Bush’s 1998 campaign the poster child for a new type of conservatism. These publications touted Florida’s low education rankings and boasted that Bush’s efforts to curb the influence of the unions would markedly improve Florida’s education and would prove to be a model for the nation.

During the 1999 Legislative session, Bush demanded and received lock step conformity from previously moderate Republicans on issues like tort reform, standardized testing and vouchers. The mantra was to support the new Governor and Republicans checked their long standing and well founded concerns about the ideological legislation at the door. Dozens of GOP legislators did just this and allowed Bush to remake Florida’s schools.

Curbing the power of the teachers unions also extended to remaking Florida’s colleges. Led by Phil Handy, Bush and partisan legislature totally revamped the Department of Education and Administration of the Florida’s Colleges and Universities. The result has been the appointment of more and more political cronies to the highest positions at our colleges and plummeting national rankings for our public universities.

As Florida’s education ratings continued to struggle, and morale among teachers sagged, many moderate Republicans began to openly question Bush’s education policy, and passing increased voucher legislation became trickier in the Florida Senate. Eventually, Bush and his advisers created primaries or other roadblocks for dissident Republicans. Often in his second term, Bush would rely on Democrats in the State Senate to provide key votes to keep his ideology based agenda moving forward. Still Jeb Bush, a transplanted Floridian with minimal government experience before his election, learned the lesson that Democratic governors of yesteryear knew: the power of the Florida Senate is supreme when it exerts itself.

While Bush’s power was waning in the Capitol, the influence of his surrogates grew throughout the state. The Foundation for Florida’s Future, James Madison Institute, and other right wing advocacy groups masking as think tanks or grassroots activist led organizations worked to put in place an infrastructure for conservative educational reforms that was indestructible in the state.

Charlie Crist, a self styled moderate whose real agenda was maintaining popularity statewide sensed Bush’s education agenda didn’t have the support of the masses and quickly dispensed with it, even vetoing a dangerous bill regarding teacher tenure. It was that veto that hastened Crist’s departure from the GOP and his Gubernatorial tenure ended as an Independent aligned with centrists of both parties in the Florida Senate and Democratic activists in southeast Florida.

While Crist abandoned the dangerous efforts of Bush and his allies to destroy Florida’s public school and college system, Bush and his surrogates spread their agenda across state lines. Bush was sought after as a speaker and de-facto lobbyist for different voucher and charter school schemes throughout the country and conservative publications ignoring all empirical evidence cited Florida as model for the rest of the nation’s educational system.

Enter Rick Scott, a novice whose political philosophy boils down to several neatly crafted ideological talking points. Scott, in alliance with several Bush protege’s has once again brought dangerous legislation and ideas into the public forum. The Senate’s rejection of the so-called parent trigger bill is just the latest salvo in this battle.

Florida’s schools have been a laboratory for right wing social engineering over the past decade and a half. It’s about time they were called on it.

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8 thoughts on “Breaking up the Teachers Union Motivation Behind Jeb Bush’s Education Agenda

  1. Bush and his cronies actually have three motivations:

    1- Union busting
    2- Helping the family business
    3- Pushing religion on kids

    The article is excellent but only covers one of those three areas. I suggest two follow ups on points 2 & 3.

    Keep up the good work!

  2. One little bit of analysis you miss in an otherwise excellent article is that Bush’s loss in 1994 coincided with W’s win against Ann Richards where he ran aggressively on vouchers, while Jeb ran on crime as the GOP had done for years throughout the south, a pseudo racist campaign particularly after all the tourist killings which happened in Chiles first term.

    W. under Rove’s direction appealed more to minorities in Texas than Jeb did in Florida. Vouchers did carve out a little of the black vote because of it and Jeb discovered as did some conservative advocates that it was a way of looking less racist yet still conservative and pleasing corporate interests. Remember all the black endorsements Jeb got in 1998 even though Buddy MacKay had been excellent on all civil rights issues going back to the 1960s?

    Vouchers allowed Bush and the GOP to say the Democrats were in favor of keeping blacks in their place and while masses of black voters didn’t shift over, enough did in both 98 and 02 for Jeb to win comfortably.

  3. Great in-dept article, Kartik. As you know I am bringing down 2 authors who will share information at 2 Books & Books events, as well as private events, about their new books. They will be able to fill in the blanks as far as why our country & state have been in the grips of Fundamentalists for the last 40ish years…and how that impacts our public educational system.
    More info to follow but this will be an extremely important & intellectually challenging event!

  4. Brilliant! Why have we not seen some sort of expose like this in any of our newspapers? The links and agenda are unmistakable. You guys lay it out perfectly.

  5. Excellent points. I intend to continue to track the school “choice” agenda as these continued assaults on Florida’s schoolchildren and public education continue and will certainly mention these links and that thinking.

  6. The religious aspect is certainly used to appeal to the GOP base on these matters but I also believe that for profit motives and destroyung unions are greater motivators for Bush and the right wing think tanks that back school “choice.”

  7. Jeb Bush is bad news, but we knew that. Why not call out the long list of Democratic legislators and former legiskators like Skip Campbell, Jeremy Ring, Steve Geller, and several African-American members who sell out their constituents, and those worked to get them elected by supporting and in some cases even sponsoring charter school and voucher bills? Keep a blacklist on this site please!

  8. How is it we let the Democrats who vote for these schemes get away with it! Please publish a blacklist of Democrats that have crossed us on this issue of equity and fairness.

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